Trends in economic differentials in population and health outcomes

further analysis of the 2006 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey
  • 35 Pages
  • 4.17 MB
  • English

Macro International Inc. , Maryland
StatementKiersten Johnson, Sarah E. K. Bradley.
The Physical Object
Pagination35 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23236133M
LC Control Number2009311569

5. Aging Population. By the proportion of the global population 65 and over will be approximately 15%, up from % in Healthcare spending needs to be managed to deliver outcomes most desired by an aging population. mHealth.

There is rising optimism about the potential of mobile health (mHealth) to deliver cost-effective care. There is considerable variation in health outcomes at all levels of socioeconomic hierarchies. Of particular importance, health outcome variance is greater at the bottom of these hierarchies—for low levels of education and income—than at the upper by: 5.

attributable to worse health (and social) outcomes for those living in poverty, attrib-utable to a variety of mechanisms between wider inequalities and health outcomes (e.g., psychosocial stress), or whether both income inequalities and the health (and social) outcomes are attributable to.

It seems that some health outcomes such as road-traffic fatalities and alcohol-related mortality tend to decline in the short run following recessions, but others such as suicide and cardiovascular disease worsen.

24 Given that there is very strong evidence that people who lose their jobs experience substantial increases in subsequent mortality, 2 understanding the differential impacts and the contextual interactions with economic Cited by: 6.

While human capital is a clear determinant of economic growth, only recently has health's role in this process become a focus Trends in economic differentials in population and health outcomes book serious academic inquiry. By marrying the separate fields of health economics and growth theory, this groundbreaking book explores the explicit mechanisms by which a population's individual and collective health status affects a nation's economic development and.

Top 10 Trends in Health Economics and Outcomes Research Event Date: Interest in the field of health economics and outcomes research (HEOR) has grown exponentially as governments and other payers grapple with how to provide the best possible health outcomes at.

GLHE Methods and Analysis of Global Health Trends and Differentials. Have gained knowledge about the international efforts to measure population health outcomes through analysis of routine and survey data and to be able to describe some of the main strengths and limitations associated with such assessments The socio-economic.

Description Trends in economic differentials in population and health outcomes EPUB

Methods This paper analyses the first wave (–) of Understanding Society to examine differentials in the health of older persons aged 60 years and over. 2 health outcomes are explored: the extent to which one's health limits the ability to undertake typical activities and self-rated health.

Logistic regression models are used to control for a range of other factors, including income Cited by: Population health researchers tend to use a set of methods and approaches that have the following important characteristics: examination of systematic differences in outcomes across populations, complexity of interactions among determinants, biological pathways linking determinants to population health outcomes, and the influence of different Cited by:   3 Examples of How Economics Affects Health and Health Care.

Many important forces shaping health and health care have more to do with economics and social policy than with any particular medical treatment or procedure. Dartmouth Institute Professor and Economist Ellen Meara takes a closer look. interpretations; and the Impact of rapid population growth on health and other socio-economic development.

In the absence of relevant text and reference books that are specifically prepared for undergraduate students of health sciences, the lecture notes help to maintain standard of course contents among the different healthFile Size: KB.

The Social, Cultural and Economic Determinants of Health in New Zealand: Action to Improve Health 8 A Report from the National Health Committee Summary This report: summarises the major social, cultural and economic determinants of health and recent trends in these determinants in New Zealand, and outlines the ways in which.

The relationship between population growth and growth of economic output has been studied extensively (Heady & Hodge, ).Many analysts believe that economic growth in high-income countries is likely to be relatively slow in coming years in part because population growth in these countries is predicted to slow considerably (Baker, Delong, & Krugman, ).

Microsimulation Model of Health and Economic Dynamics C.1 Background To assess the economic implications of these health trends, one needs a rich health and mortality transition model coupled with a model of economic outcomes. Both the epidemiological and economic literatures contain complex models of each, but few integrate both.

Trends in Health Behaviors and Health Outcomes Along with factors such as genetics and medical care, health behaviors can directly affect health outcomes. Healthy be-haviors such as exercising and eating sensibly lower the risk of conditions like heart disease and diabetes, while unhealthy behaviors such as smoking and excessive drinking raise the risk of conditions like lung cancer and liver disease.

An ideal population health outcome metric should reflect a population's dynamic state of physical, mental, and social well-being. Positive health outcomes include being alive; functioning well mentally, physically, and socially; and having a sense of well-being.

Negative outcomes include death, loss of function, and lack of by: 1. In this context, two key debates have been the focus of research; firstly, research pointing to a possible selection of less healthy individuals into singlehood, separation or divorce, while the second debate relates to the extent to which an individual's transitions earlier in the life course in terms of marital status and living arrangements have a differential impact on their health and mortality compared with transitions Cited by: Relevant outcomes were any overall measure of population health such as self-assessed health, mortality, life expectancy, survival, morbidity, well-being, illness, ill health, and life span.

Two authors independently reviewed all citations for by: 6. Putting population health into high gear. Even though the shift to value-based care is occurring more slowly than CEOs anticipated, executives are developing and expanding innovative delivery and payment models to get ahead of where the industry is headed.

CEOs are focused on the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of (MACRA) and physician activation. In this concluding session of the May workshop, the speakers reframed the discussion by exploring how changing demographic trends in the population’s health status and underinvestment in population health contribute to missed prevention opportunities, and focusing not simply on the potential costs of missed prevention opportunities but on the added value of increasing the delivery of preventive Author: Pierre L Yong, Robert S Saunders, LeighAnne Olsen.

Articles on population health management—and population health analytics— are showing up everywhere. It seems there is a lot of curiosity and concern about implementing a population health management strategy and getting solid population health analytics in place.

Time horizons should be long enough to capture streams of health and economic outcomes (including significant intended and unintended ones). These could encompass a disease episode, patient life, or even multiple generations of life (such as for interventions in women of child-bearing age or interventions that may cause heritable genetic changes).

Consider these facts: Seven out of 10 deaths among Americans each year are from chronic diseases. 2 Heart disease, cancer, and stroke account for more than 50 percent of all deaths each year. 3 Arthritis is the most common cause of disability, with nearly 19 million Americans reporting activity limitations.

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4 Diabetes continues to be the leading cause of kidney failure, non- traumatic lower. Health indicators are useful tools for monitoring the health of the population and commu-nicating with multiple audiences about opportunities to improve health.

These indicators are designed to reflect the broad contributors to health—social and physical environments, behaviors, and health Size: 2MB. conditions and health outcomes at the local level. This study represents an ecological analysis in that it deals with population level outcomes and conditions as opposed to individual level.

Within local populations the influence of area-level variables such as poverty may have different influences onFile Size: 50KB. 2 days ago  In prior work, Cutler and Landrum compressed 19 health indicators into three summary measures of physical and social impairment, functional ability, and sensory impairment, which provided an important background to studying health trends.

42 Many factors affect health trends, and many can be influenced by public health interventions. Health inequities between U.S. residents of different races, ethnicities, geographical locations and socioeconomic status have been recorded since the mids.

While certain interventions have. In particular, assessing the impact of political, economic, socio-cultural, environmental and other external influences upon health care policy, proposals and organisational programmes is becoming a recognisable stage of health service strategic development and planning mechanisms.

The racial and ethnic make-up of parents is becoming more diverse. The result is a more diverse younger population. While the U.S. birth rate has fallen to historical lows and the number of births recently dropped below 4 million, in the years just prior tothe number of births rivaled those in the baby boomer cohorts and exceeded the largest birth cohorts of the millennials.

Health is fundamental for a good quality of life.

Details Trends in economic differentials in population and health outcomes PDF

Being free from illness or injury directly affects our capacity to enjoy life. In this entry we provide an overview of the available empirical evidence on aggregate health outcomes, focusing on long-run cross-country data from mortality and morbidity tables; and then provide an analysis of available evidence on health determinants, focusing.

These conditions, over time, lead to different levels of health risks, needs, and outcomes among some people in certain racial and ethnic minority groups. Health differences between racial and ethnic groups are often due to economic and social conditions that are more common among some racial and ethnic minorities than whites.

This approach utilizes non-traditional partnerships among different sectors of the community – public health, industry, academia, health care, local government entities, etc.

– to achieve positive health outcomes. Population health “brings significant health concerns into focus and addresses ways that resources can be allocated to.

U.S. Health Outcomes Compared to Other Countries Are Misleading. affiliated with the Department of Health Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science. with a population .